Candlemaking InstructionsSafety First
As well as the pan/water pan arrangement you need to melt the wax in, there are a few basic must haves with candlemaking. Read the pages from the links in the list below before you begin.
You will collect other useful bits and pieces as you gain experience and master new techniques.
There are a thousand ways to make candles, some are so exquisite that it seems like an art crime to burn them, but candles are for burning, and they MUST BURN. Some of the instructions given in candlemaking may seem a little odd, but if not followed your candle could be a disaster when burned, even if it is beautiful when made.
The best beginner's candle is a dipped one, yet this remains my favourite after 25 years, and is still a delightful thing to make and behold. To dip a candle you MUST have patience, as it can take over an hour, up to 3 hours for a tall candle, but
the end results are very satisfying. To make very tall candles you will need to buy a special dipping can, but I get good results on shorter ones using the empty can from a beermaking kit. A tall coffee can etc would work just as well.
So, having read all the notes from the links in the equipment list above, you are now standing in front of your stove. If the wax is granules, you can weigh it and pour it straight into the top pan, or if you have slabs of it you may have to break it up first. Don't pussyfoot around, take a hammer to it.
The trick with a perfect dipped candle is balancing out the temperature of the wax, the dip time, and the time between dips. There are no magic numbers here, it depends on the wax being used, the room temperature and the position of the planet Quarg (my pet theory) because this is a trial and error thing. I've read MANY books on candlemaking but my advice to you is just TRY. If the layers don't build up fast enough, the wax is too hot OR you are dipping for too long. If the candle has a lumpy finish or the layers peel apart like an onion, then the wax is too cold, or you are taking too long to re-dip. Simple as that.
Chances are that your first candle WILL be a success and it will spur you on to other things.